Lessons in Scotland for Jeremy Corbyn: We are not a region.

corbyn Kezia

Siobhan Tolland

Don’t get me wrong. I love the fact Jeremy Corbyn is mixing it up down south. He is trying to initiate progressive change, and we have to support that, especially against an attempt of the right wing (in and outside of the Labour party) to oust him. We should support any progressive against this scheming. Christ even the Unions stabbed him in the back over Trident. ‘Kill millions with weapons of mass destruction. Must save jobs, must save jobs!’ Continue reading

Advertisements

Eight Months: A Brief Consideration of the New Bills

Credit: Scottish Government flickr

Credit: Scottish Government flickr

Louise Wilson

Eight new Bills in eight months – you have to hand it to the Scottish Government, they sure are ambitious. Especially considering they are pushing forward with this new legislation on top of work continuing from the previous Programmes for Government, including the controversial Land Reform Bill.

Nicola Sturgeon delivered the Programme for Government 2015-16 on Tuesday, which is just as jam packed as usual, but with this year the added pressure of elections in May. Scottish Parliament will officially break up in April, and whilst ministers must know fulfilling every commitment is not possible, that hasn’t stopped them. That said, given recent polls of voter intentions, it’s fair to say the SNP has a pretty good chance of continuing with this programme right up until 2021.

Kezia Dugdale and Ruth Davidson have welcomed some announcements, but were highly critical of others. Meanwhile, Patrick Harvie labeled the Programme as “cautious”. So let’s take a closer look at the new announcements…

Scottish Elections (dates) Bill
This Bill is a simple mechanical one to move the next Scottish election, which should have occurred in 2020, back a year. This ensures it does not coincide with the General Election of that year. There had been some speculation as to whether the Scottish Government would choose 2019 or 2021, given that 2019 would still definitely be under Conservative rule and therefore likely easier won by the SNP. As far as legislation goes though, this will be fast-tracked to ensure certainty on how long we our voting our next MSPs in for.

Scottish Fiscal Commission Bill
The Scottish Fiscal Commission will be placed on a statutory footing with this piece of legislation, to give them a higher level of credibility when the body independently evaluates Scottish Government budgets and spending. It will essentially be the Scottish equivalent of the Office for Budget Responsibility, especially important given the new tax powers to come with the passage of the Scotland Bill. I imagine this one will be fairly easy to pass, once the final details are all smoothed out.

Budget Bill
This one won’t take long at all – it is introduced each year to set out government spending. The difference this year is that the Scottish Government is due to take on responsibility for a Scottish rate of income tax from next April, which will have to be taken into account. Nicola Sturgeon has stated that the new rates of SRIT will be announced following George Osborne’s autumn statement.

It will be interesting to see which way the Government will choose to go on this – raising taxing just before an election is a risky political move, but lowering or keeping them the same as the UK Government could invite criticism that they are no different from the tartan Tory label they have successfully distanced themselves from. In my opinion, I think it’s likely that rates will stay the same for now – with the caveat that “things will change” once the outcome of the Scotland Bill becomes clear.

Bankruptcy Consolidation Bill
Previously announced earlier in the session, this Bill was pushed back until after the passage of the Bankruptcy and Debt Advice (Scotland) Act – which has now been in force since April. It’s very much a ‘does what it says on the tin’ job though, with tools to help manage debt, allow for ‘rehabilitation’ for those unconfident about finances, and particularly address payday loans which have been increasing over recent years.

Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm Bill
Essentially, this is a Bill to combat revenge porn. It should be interesting to follow given it is a huge problem, but actually quite difficult to legislate against without having a detrimental impact on other freedoms. But it’s encouraging to see the Government getting behind action to prevent such behaviour – clear recognition that “just don’t do it in the first place” is a terrible argument.  

In addition, the Bill is to create a specific crime out of domestic abuse – currently a crime in the same way as other forms as violence are – which will also recognise the significant impacts on mental, as well as physical, health. It’s likely that the legislation will be highly technical in nature, and therefore potentially problematic to complete within the next eight months. However, one would hope that this is something that can receive cross party support to smooth out its passage.

Burial and Cremation Bill
This Bill follows the Bonomy Review on the cremation of babies, which reported to parliament in June this year. It will implement the 64 recommendations of the review to regulate an understably sensitive area. The legislation will have to be dealt with care as it passes through parliament, and due to its nature and the inevitably intricate elements, I question whether eight months will be long enough.

Lobbying Bill
Whilst this is more to do with how the Scottish Parliament itself functions, this will still be an important one by setting out MSPs can be lobbied on various issues. It will establish a register of public lobbying to make clearer the interests of MSPs beyond the current and less obvious mechanism.

Private Tenancies Bill
The (limited) rent controls to be introduced here are welcome. The momentum for better protection for tenants, improving the standard of rented housing and ensuring rents aren’t outrageously expensive has been building over the past few months. Shelter’s Make Renting Right campaign or the Living Rent campaign are perhaps the most high profile of these, but it has been bubbling under the surface for a while. In the last year we’ve seen rent controls introduced in cities across the West, including in Berlin. It’s great the Scotland looks set to follow suit, even if these are just baby steps at first whilst public opinion builds.

And the best thing is, it really will be a win-win situation for both tenants and landlords. It won’t put an honorous pressure on landlords to do anything beyond what any decent landlord would do – it will simply tackle sub-par landlords and those who abuse the rights of their tenants. This is something most people, I am sure, can get behind. Certainly, the safety deposit scheme has been warmly welcomed since its inception a few years ago and this should be no different.

These Bills are of course not the only thing of importance announced in the Programme for Government. It contained some controversial bits in relation to the reintroduction of standardised testing. Nicola Sturgeon also warned that the Scottish Government would recommend the rejection of the Scotland Bill changes (which would need to be passed at Holyrood after Westminster) if fiscal scrutiny issues were not satisfactory but the Bills are a good indicator for what the SNP would seek to do if (when) re-elected.

Can RISE push progressive politics forward without becoming sectarian?

The Scots Perspective interviews Democratic Left Scotland Convener and Dundee Trades Council Chair, Stuart Fairweather about the role of RISE in progressive politics and the push for independence.

Stuart Yes campaign

As the RISE party launch occurs at the weekend, we speak to Stuart Fairweather, a veteran political activist, convener of the Democratic Left Scotland, chair of the Dundee Trades Council and member of the Dundee Radical Independence campaign. He was active in the Trade Unions for YES organisation and has been a politically active for over three decades.

Stuart spoke at the launch of RISE and was invited, as an observer, onto the steering committee integral in developing the RISE party. Classing himself as ‘not quite a convert’ we ask Stuart about how he views the role of RISE within Scottish politics and the nature of progressive politics generally in Scotland.
RISE is a relatively new phenomenon for Scottish Politics, explains Stuart, and it is not a political party in the traditional sense. There has been an ambivelançe to elections by the far-left in the past, he points out, but RISE comes from a different perspective. The YES campaign initiated an enthusiasm and engagement in canvassing and campaigning and RISE develops that enthusiasm and position it with a wider more pluralist anti-austerity alliance.

The Independence referendum has changed everything in Scotland. The parameters of political action and ideas has been increasingly articulated through the struggle for self-determination. The collapse of the Labour Party, the surge of the SNP, the coalition gathering around RISE, as well as the Scottish Greens’ commitment to independence means that any progressive politics is coalescing around independence. One of the four tenets of RISE’s policy is independence, showing its central position in left-wing politics.

Stuart agrees to a certain extent. What ‘independence actually means in the context of globalisation is debatable’, he suggests. But the ‘relationship between the momentum for a further referendum and anti-austerity politics provides a potential for challenging neo liberalism.’ For those reasons ‘instrumental independence is central to a progressive political struggle in Scotland.’

There is movement within England that shows a developing struggle of anti-austerity politics that is taking hold. Corbyn’s surprise popularity and his potential to transform the Labour Party into an oppositional force creates a new politics for England. Does this change the political situation in Scotland?

Stuart thinks this is unlikely. Regardless of the leadership election he is suspicious of the Labour Party’s ability to become progressive. ‘For too long Labour has been very comfortable with being her Majesty’s loyal opposition rather than being the spearhead for an alternative in parliament as well as wider society,’ he suggests.

Will a Corbyn victory revive the Labour Party in Scotland?
“Whilst there may be some positive association with any Corbyn victory, it is unlikely to be enough to seriously challenge the SNP. The Labour Party’s failure to back a Yes vote will long damage its position in Scotland. Any attempt to establish a credible argument for greater powers should be welcomed but in itself will not address the issue of trust. Labour put the British establishment before the people.”

Along with that sense of Labour party betrayal, Scotland is also now coming to terms with the decision it made. In opting to remain part of the UK, we are now subject to a government that is unprecedentedly right wing. The destruction of the welfare state, the persecution of the poor and vulnerable and the erosion of our civil liberties create a Union that is somewhat disconnected to Scottish politics. “The prospect of an independent Scotland is something entirely different from Britain’s apparent enthusiasm for austerity” and “creates an ongoing contradiction,” explains Stuart.

With these issues in mind then, what next for Scotland? Stuart explains that in the short term, the May 2016 elections are pivotal in that they will “act as a proxy for the next referendum.” There is a lot of certainty that there will be another referendum but when that will be is subject to much speculation. Stuart considers that conditions are more important than time frames. Ensuring the next referendum ‘can be convincingly won’ is key, but creating ‘conditions for that is the hard bit’.

Stuart notes that the central point is whether SNP will include a clear timetable for a second referendum in their Hollywood manifesto. Naming any date is dangerous but ‘finding a form of words that keeps the prospect alive and connected to anti-austerity politics is what is important’.

And RISE’s role in all this? RISE can play a role in developing the anti-austerity / independence agenda set out on Scotland. But only if they can ‘develop this space without being sectarian’. In Stuart’s opinion, RISE should push the SNP on austerity but not on the referendum. And Stuart will be urging them to support the Green’s Maggie Chapman in the North East as part of a broader progressive alliance.

Stuart understands the difficulties involved in RISE’s new position. It needs to be critical of the SNP and Greens without being sectarian, he says, and this might be difficult for some. Last September was fundamentally ‘a democratic uprising’ he explains, and that’s what people need to be reconnected with. Organisations need to reflect the democratic tendencies in their organisational structure as well as policies, he continues. If sectarianism increases, then it will repel people and damage the anti-austerity movement. After the conference, however, Stuart is hopeful that RISE can avoid the pitfalls and play a positive role in Scotland’s new progressive politics.

________________________

If you like what you read please check out some of our other articles.  If you don’t like what you read please give your own perspective and contribute! As a new venture we are always looking for talented writers with something to say about Scots politics and culture. And if you have never written before, give it a try. Please contact scotsperspective@gmail.com or message our Facebook page.